A patent is a protection document that certifies the priority, authorship, and property right to invention (utility model). An invention is a result of intellectual activity of a human being in any field of technology. It can be a product or a process that provides a new way of doing something as well as the novel use of a product or process already known. In order to be protected by a patent an invention must conform to certain conditions that are prescribed in the corresponding laws and regulations of a country where the protection is applied for. Among such conditions are the following:
- Invention must be new;
- Invention must have an inventive step;
- Invention must be practically applicable.
The scope of the granted legal protection is defined by the patent claims. The interpretation of the patent claims shall be accomplished within the patent description and relevant drawings.
A patent owner has an exclusive right to use and dispose the invention as well as to prohibit others from using this invention without the owner’s consent within the patent validity term. After the expiration of the patent validity term the invention becomes available to commercial exploitation by others.